Policy Proposals Comprehensive Strategy Approaches to Current Issues ( September 2017 )
1. Current Condition and Outlook of the Japanese Economy
The economy is currently improving: exports and the production activities of companies are rallying, while the employment situation is continuing to ameliorate. The economy is expected to continue to recover gradually in the future.
2. Tax System Reform
With regard to reform of the tax system in fiscal 2018, we will seek to expedite efforts to bring Society 5.0 into being by calling for a tax system that helps to encourage investment to improve productivity. Such investment might aim to facilitate business restructuring and stimulate further use of data via the Internet of Things or other new technologies. In addition, we will address the shift to mandatory electronic tax filing by pushing for more efficient administration of tax payments. For local taxes, meanwhile, we will seek an extension of measures to adjust the burden imposed by the fixed assets tax on land.
3. Stimulation of Consumption
Based on the understanding that achieving a 600 trillion yen GDP requires the expansion of personal consumption, which accounts for 60% of the GDP, we will continue to earnestly address fundamental tasks such as resolving concern about the future, and also strive to boost consumer confidence. As part of such efforts, on February 24 we launched the "Premium Friday" campaign as a joint public-private sector initiative, making the last Friday of each month a day for people to finish work early and enjoy doing something fulfilling that they would not usually do. We will continue to call on member companies for their cooperation, with the aim of ensuring that "Premium Friday" becomes an established national event throughout Japan.
4. Realization of "Society 5.0"
We will use innovative technologies such as the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, and robots, and make use of a wide variety of big data, to drive digitization of the government, industry, and society as a whole. This will enable us to achieve a "super smart society," known as "Society 5.0," which combines economic growth with solutions to social issues. To that end, we will create an environment that encourages the development of systems for utilizing data, as well as capital investment in fields that show promise of growth in the future, expansion of investment in research and development, and open innovation with universities, venture companies, and other such organizations. In addition, we will pursue specific projects involving both the public and private sectors. At the same time, we will publicize the Society 5.0 concept in Japan and abroad as a vision for a society in which the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals have been accomplished.
5. Promoting Opportunity for Diverse Human Resources and Reforming Working Styles
We will contribute to the creation of a diverse, inclusive society by continuing to further the "Action Plan on Women's Active Participation in the Workforce," as well as respecting LGBT rights and making efforts to promote the active participation of diverse human resources, including younger and older people, non-Japanese people, and individuals with disabilities. At the same time as enhancing initiatives such as those aimed at rectifying long working hours, we will take action to revise the law regarding upper limits on overtime hours to reflect the practicalities of corporate business. With regard to equal pay for equal work, we will take steps to revise the law to reflect sufficient consideration of Japan's employment practices. Meanwhile, we will endeavor to improve the treatment of non-regular employees by ensuring that non-regular employees are given opportunities to switch to regular employment.
6. Economic Relations with the United States, Europe, and Russia
In order to build relations with the US administration and Congress and to make economic relations stronger, we will reinforce our efforts to reach out to the parties concerned by sending missions and other means. We will also seek to achieve an 11-country TPP agreement soon as a step towards a 12-country TPP. Meanwhile, general agreement has now been reached on the Japan-EU EPA, and we will push for that to be ratified and put into effect as soon as possible. In addition, we will seek a flexible approach from the UK and the EU in order to minimize the negative economic impact of the UK's withdrawal from the EU. We will actively participate in materializing an eight-point plan for cooperation with Russia, as well as continuing to appeal for improvement of the business environment in Russia.
7. Economic Relations with Countries in Asia
Asian countries such as China, South Korea, India, and the ASEAN nations are expected to be the driving force of the world economy. Further strengthening and developing close and mutually-beneficial relationships with these countries is another extremely important element of Japan's growth strategy. Keidanren will also engage in facilitating cooperative relations through policy dialogues with the public and private sector leaders in countries of the region, addressing fields such as the furthering of regional economic integration and the facilitation of infrastructure development.
8. Hosting Successful National Events
We will work to make the Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics a success by fostering nationwide momentum and creating an enduring legacy through the activities of the All Japan Business Committee for the 2020 Olympics and Paralympics, and other organizations. Furthermore, we will cooperate with the 2025 Japan World Expo Committee to promote the Osaka/Kansai region's bid to host the World Expo, appealing to the member nations of the Bureau International des Expositions.