In order to have the brighter perspective to the twenty-first century, there remains lots of tasks among us. Regional balanced development of Japan, economic structural reform through deregulation measures, political reform and decentralization, administrative reform by reviewing the current ministries and agencies order and others. We thought that relocation of Capital provides us the best opportunity to solve these problems. In the case of house-moving, people first review what will be brought into the new house, what will be left or abandoned and what will be given to the neighbors. Relocation of Capital are compared to house-moving. Thus, relocation of Capital contributes to promote administrative reform, deregulation, ministries and agencies reform and decentralization. The government and legislative houses are requested to reconsider their role and make utmost effort to achieve the political, economic and administrative reform in accordance with relocation of Capital by next century.
The government has established the council to deliberate capital relocation matter in 1992 and this council has scheduled to file the final report in December 1995. Keidanren has issued the position paper on relocation of Capital in last November to reflect our idea on the report and subsequent actions by the government and the Diet. The following is the english version of our position paper of November.
Title of the paper :
People's interest on relocation of Capital has been recently increasing from the standpoint of reversing the trend of economic concentration on Tokyo and preventing Tokyo from destructive disaster. Recognizing it's importance, necessity and emergency, the legislative body has passed the law to relocate the Diet and others in 1992 based on the resolution of 1990. And the council to relocate the Diet and others, established by this law, is now in the stage to compile the final report including criteria to choose the new site for Capital.
The current purpose of Capital relocation is to reform the old regime of government-led and highly-centralized system which regards Tokyo as the gravity of Japan and pave the way to deregulated society with decreasing the weight of national ministries and agencies, decentralization and subsequently the much more balanced development of Japan regionally.
It is sure to show our strong will toward reform of our country to the people in the world by constructing new Capital and serves to shift our economy to the domestic-demand-led-economy. This economic management has long been expected by the people of Japan and foreign countries as the result of structural reform. It is much more important to make a drastic change of people's mind and past behavior and provide the best opportunity to ask the people to participate into creating new nation toward the twenty-first century. In this country, we have relocated Capital at the time of drastic change historically such as Capital of Nara in 710, Capital of Kyoto in 794, Kamakura era started from 1192 and Edo from 1603.
Taking account of current significant nature of Capital relocation, now is the time for the legislative body to make a bold political decision and start to initiate the concrete action program. We request the legislative body to solidify the nation's consensus and tackle this matter by the following way.
We believe that Tokyo will be certain to grow as the center of Japan in the aspect of economic activity and culture after relocation of Capital and become more internationalized, future-looking and creative city. It is imperative to compile the grand-design program for reconstruction of Tokyo metropolitan area.
Final report of council, new resolution of the Diet and new legislation for choosing the new site for Capital.
Investigation and decision of new Capital and initiation to reconstruct Tokyo.
Diet decision, related acts to construct new Capital, initiation of construction and holding the first Diet session in new Capital.
The Diet is now preparing to submit the law to set up the organization to choose the new site for Capital in the current session starting from January 22.