Policy Proposals Comprehensive Strategy Approaches to Current Issues ( June 2018 )
1. Current Condition and Outlook of the Japanese Economy
The economic climate is recovering gradually. Looking ahead, economic expansion is expected to continue against a backdrop of rallying exports and corporate production activities, robust performance at companies, and improvement in the employment and income environment. However, a close watch must be kept on trends in overseas economies and fluctuations in the financial and capital markets.
2. Realization of "Society 5.0"
We will use innovative technologies such as the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, and robots, and make use of a wide variety of big data, to drive digitization of the government, industry, and society as a whole. This will enable us to achieve "Society 5.0," combining economic growth with solutions to social issues. Based on the outcomes of relevant proposals announced to date, we will again clearly define the future vision of society that Japan should be targeting. We can then further reinforce our initiatives to make the vision a reality, including ensuring cyber security, creating environments for utilizing data in Japan and overseas, and promoting open innovation. In conjunction with this, we will indicate a road map for implementing these initiatives throughout society in a variety of industries and fields. Meanwhile, we will publicize the Society 5.0 concept in Japan and abroad as a vision for a society in which the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals have been accomplished.
3. Reforming Working Styles and Promoting Diversity
The current bill on working style reform focuses primarily on setting upper limits for overtime hours, adopting equal pay for equal work, and establishing the "highly-skilled professional" system. We will push for that bill to be enacted conclusively during the current ordinary Diet session and call for resubmission of the bill on expanding eligibility for discretionary working hours systems. Meanwhile, we will expedite working style reform at companies and endeavor to improve the treatment of non-regular employees by ensuring that they are given opportunities to switch to regular employment. We will also seek to expand consumption and create new markets through women's involvement in the workforce ("womenomics"). At the same time, we will pursue diversity by respecting LGBT rights and making efforts to promote the active participation of diverse human resources, including younger and older people, non-Japanese people, and individuals with disabilities.
4. Economic Relations with the United States, Europe, and Russia
To make economic relations with the United States stronger, we will reinforce our efforts to reach out to the parties concerned, based on the outcomes of business missions to the United States and other efforts. In parallel, we will take whatever action is necessary while keeping a close watch on developments in the US trade policy, including unilateral measures, and on the progress in Japan-US economic dialogue (including discussions to ensure free, fair, reciprocal trading). We will also pursue progress in drawing up comprehensive rules of a high standard for trade and investment in the Asia-Pacific region by seeking to have the 11-country TPP agreement put into effect soon, and calling for a future increase in the number of participating nations. Meanwhile, we will push for the Japan-EU EPA to be ratified and put into effect as soon as possible. In addition, we will call for acceleration of negotiations to ensure certainty regarding the provision of a transitional period maintaining the current situation following the UK's impending withdrawal from the EU at the end of March 2019. At the same time, we will ask for a flexible approach to enable a framework for the closest possible future relationships with the UK and the EU to be put into effect immediately after the transitional period ends. We will actively participate in materializing an eight-point plan for cooperation with Russia, as well as continuing to appeal for improvement of the business environment in Russia.
5. Economic Relations with Countries in Asia
Asian countries such as China, South Korea, India, and the ASEAN nations are expected to be the driving force of the world economy. Further strengthening and developing close and mutually-beneficial relationships with these countries is another extremely important element of Japan's growth strategy. Keidanren will also engage in facilitating cooperative relations through policy dialogues with the public and private sector leaders in countries of the region, addressing fields such as the furthering of regional economic integration and the facilitation of infrastructure development.
6. Hosting Successful National Events
We will work in unison with the government and relevant organizations to ensure that the success of upcoming events such as the Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics and the Osaka/Kansai region's bid to host the 2025 World Expo become catalysts for Japan's economic revitalization.
7. Formulating a Medium- to Long-term Energy Strategy
As the government reviews its Strategic Energy Plan, we will continuously advocate the need for a strategy that takes into account Japan's own particular circumstances, while calling on the government to ensure safety combined with energy security, economic efficiency, and environmental conservation ("S+3E"). To establish a stable supply of energy at prices that compare favorably from an international perspective, we will also ask for coal and other fossil fuels to be utilized efficiently, for nuclear power plants that have passed safety checks to be restarted, for a balance to be struck between greater use of renewable energy and reduction of the public burden, and for an investment environment aimed at realizing a robust energy supply to be established, among other requests.