Policy Proposals Comprehensive Strategy Approaches to Current Issues ( July 2020 )
1. Current Conditions of and Outlook for the Japanese Economy
Although Japan's state of emergency has been lifted, economic activities both in Japan and overseas have contracted significantly due to the impact of efforts to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Consequently, the Japanese economy is currently in a severe situation, but signs of imminent bottoming out are apparent.
Prospects for the future will depend largely on the spread of COVID-19 from now on, and it is highly possible that the economy will take a long time to normalize. The impact of increasingly hostile US-China relations on the Japanese economy also requires monitoring. For now, prompt implementation of successive supplementary budgets is essential. It will also be necessary to closely watch the impact on people's livelihoods, corporate cash-flow, and so forth and take additional measures responsively.
2. Responses to Novel Coronavirus
There is still no sign of an end to the global spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, and this has had a tremendous impact on people's livelihoods, and the economic society.
Keidanren will take the lead in making efforts to fulfill the social mission of protecting people's lives and livelihoods through such steps as strictly complying with measures for preventing the spread of the disease. Furthermore, its Council on COVID-19 and all other committees will work closely together to study the necessary policies to overcome this crisis and step up its lobbying on the government and the ruling parties toward sustaining businesses—including the supply chains—and maintaining employment, as well as rehabilitating the economy.
3. Realizing Society 5.0 through the Acceleration of Digital Transformation
It has been proven in many countries that digital transformation is extremely effective for preventing the spread of COVID-19. We will promote thorough regulatory reforms, digitization, data sharing, and other relevant steps in the medical services, education, public administration, finance, industry, and other sectors in order to build a resilient economy and society. In the middle- and long-term, we will solve various social problems through digital transformation in order to build a more humane and happy society, i.e. realize Society 5.0. Toward this end, Keidanren as a whole will deliberate on a concrete vision for overcoming the COVID-19 pandemic through digital transformation and building Society 5.0 as a new social model for the post-COVID-19 era, then study and implement the steps toward realizing this vision.
4. Energy and Environmental Issues
While paying close attention to developments relating to COVID-19, we will aim to establish a favorable investment environment and build advanced and resilient electrical power and energy systems with a view to creating a carbon-free society. As part of these efforts, we will work towards introducing next-generation power transmission and distribution networks, making renewables into Japan's main sources of power, and re-starting nuclear power plants once safety has been assured.
At the same time, we will take steps to achieve a virtuous cycle that balances environmental considerations with growth through joint efforts by the government and the private sector, such as the promotion of climate change policies focused on innovation through "Challenge Zero" and other initiatives.
5. Work Style Reform and Human Resource Development
We will continue urging companies to maintain employment. To allay students' uncertainties, we will encourage companies to adopt flexible selection and employment measures for the time being, such as proactively disseminating information to students and conducting online interviews.
We will also focus on improving employee engagement and promote the extension of work style reforms. As part of these efforts, we will examine personnel evaluation and labor management issues arising from telework to promote working methods not reliant on place and time, and aim to create new working hours systems suited to job-based employment arrangements, such as expansion of eligibility for the systems on discretionary working hours.
We will implement Action Plan 10 compiled by the Industry-Academia Council on the Future of Recruitment and University Education, including implementation of internships leading to job-based recruitment, summarizing of issues relating to online education, double-tracking of university entrance and graduation periods as well as diversification and double-tracking of corporate recruitment, and joint industry-university hosting of job fairs. Through such initiatives, industry and universities will cooperate in developing human resources to support Society 5.0.
6. Economic Relations with Major Industrial Powers
We will promote cooperation with other countries to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and in the resumption of economic activities.
To make cooperative relations with the United States even stronger, we will take action at various levels to build closer communication with that country based on the US-Japan trade agreement. We will, moreover, monitor US policy trends relating to US-China relations and sensitive technologies. Meanwhile, we will extend and deepen our cooperative relationship with Europe through the Japan-EU EPA. In light of the UK's withdrawal from the EU, we will request action to realize without delay during the transition period a UK-EU FTA and an EPA between Japan and the UK, negotiations for which will begin shortly. We will actively participate in materializing the eight-point cooperation plan with Russia and the Japan-Russia year of regional exchanges (2020-2021), as well as continuing to appeal for improvement of the business environment in Russia.
It is anticipated that India, the ASEAN economies, and other Asian countries will join China as driving forces in global economic growth. We will support efforts to develop and further strengthen close and mutually-beneficial relationships with these countries.
7. Sustaining and Reinforcing the Rule-based International Economic Order
We will resist protectionist moves that have arisen from the COVID-19 pandemic, strengthen international cooperation based on trust, and rebuild a free and open post-corona international economic order. As part of such efforts, Keidanren will call for expanded participation in the CPTPP as well as the early establishment of the 16-country RCEP and the Japan-China-South Korea Free Trade Agreement to aid in the development of rules for trade and investment in the Asia-Pacific region. Additionally, we will push for reforms to the WTO, which serves as the core of the multilateral system of free trade. Furthermore, to encourage expanded exports of quality infrastructure-related goods, we will engage in facilitating cooperative relations through policy dialogues with public- and private-sector leaders in Japan and other countries in the region.
8. Hosting Successful National Events
We will work in unison with the government and relevant organizations to ensure flawless preparations for the successful hosting of the Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics in summer 2021, and link these efforts to the revitalization of Japan's economy and its subsequent growth.
9. Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, and Building National Resilience
In light of the COVID-19 pandemic and major natural disasters that have occurred in recent years, Japan needs to do all it can to not only help the infected patients and those caught up in disasters and rehabilitate local regions, but also to prevent and mitigate disasters, build national resilience, and support and sustain businesses. Targeting further improvement in the resilience level of Japan and the Japanese society in order to ensure security and safety, we will urge the government to steadily execute the supplementary budget and its Fundamental Plan for National Resilience, and to promptly decide on the necessary measures, including measures to make better use of digital technologies and pursue innovation. At the same time, we will encourage companies to also take action.